Modernism is a cultural movement that occurred during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in opposition to traditional values of various arenas such as art, architecture, music and literature. Modernism encouraged the examination of these values with the intent to replace “outdated” or “non-progressive” values with newer more “modern” ideas hence the name.

In terms of art, the “avant-garde” were considered the first artists to embrace the ideas of Modernism and incorporate them into their work. These artists embraced disruption and revolution associated with Modernism to create new art movements such as Dada, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art and Minimalism, just to name a few.